This afternoon we tour the ruins of Pergamum and Thyatira. Pergamum, perched on the hilltop above the modern city of Bergama, is one of the most dramatic sites in Turkey. Standing on the Acropolis and looking over the picturesque valley, one can imagine the armies of Alexander the Great marching through the valley. Stroll through the significant unearthed remnants of marble temples, and wonder at the technology that made the construction possible. From the mountainside we descend to the valley and tour the ancient medical center, the Asclepion, established by the great physician, Galen.
The ancient city of Thyatira is now occupied by the modern town of Akhisar. Here the few ancient ruins are merged into the town around it, so close your eyes and imagine the once thriving commercial city. Overnight in Izmir.
Philadelphia, the city of Brotherly Love, is our next stop. Founded in 189 BC as part of the Pergamum Kingdom, today some ruins of the city wall and some arches indicate from workmanship, materials and style that it dates from the late Byzantine era. It is notable that John had nothing negative to say of this church in his letter.
Our last tours of the day are Hierapolis and Laodicea. In Hierapolis (Pamukkale) there are the thermal springs that made the city a popular spa. Visitors came to swim in the mineral-rich waters and view the startling white travertine terraces. Here we associate Philip the Evangelist with the early church. Paul mentions Hierapolis along with Laodicea as the center of Epaphras’ ministry. Overnight in Pamukkale.
The tour includes a visit to St. John’s Basilica built by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. Under the central dome, the grave of the Apostle John is believed to be located. The Ephesus Museum is one of Turkey’s best. The two greatest exhibits are the marble statues of Artemis. One is from the 1st century AD and the other 2nd century AD. Other marble and bronze statues are displayed along with jewelry, coins and other artifacts of the Ancient World.
Overnight in Kusadasi.
Fusce. Convallis morbi cubilia adipiscing. Sed aenean. Ac auctor, convallis parturient commodo parturient cum id eros curae; convallis. Hymenaeos non augue fusce habitasse consequat vitae libero nullam ac porttitor vulputate pulvinar sociis nullam. Netus porta primis. Volutpat conubia libero sociis quis. Sociosqu eros mattis.